Parathyroid gland Important Points :-
🥀 Endocrines of parathyroid:
Active endocrine secreted by parathyroids is hormone (PTH), conjointly referred to as Collins Hormone (Phillips collip, 1925)
🥀 Irregularities of parathormones
(a) glandular disease (Hyposecretion of parathormone)(b) glandular disease (Hyper secretion of parathormone)
(1) Hormones of duct gland and their role:
(a) hypoglycaemic agent: Insulin regulates however the body uses and stores aldohexose and fat. (b) Glucagon: this can be secreted by the alpha cells of islets of Langerhans. Its operate is to elevate glucose level in blood once glucose is deficient.
(c) Somatostatin and duct gland peptide: trendy physiologists have postulated that the d and F (PP) cells of pancreas severally secrete somatostatin (SS) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP). Somatosensory resembles the expansion endocrine restrictive hormone (GHIH) secreted by hypothalamus.
(1) operate of thymus glands
(a) Thymus is haemopoietic, yet as, AN endocrine gland.
(b) the most important function of thymus is to secrete hormone hormone, thymic body substance issue (THF), thymic factor (TF), thymopoietin.
(c) Thymus is crucial in infant (newly born) baby and postnatal child for traditional development of liquid body substance organs and cellular immunity.
(1) The gonads are the sex glands, the testes and therefore the ovary.
(i) Testes The ballcock gland|gonad|sex gland} form a part of the male reproductive system, and is that the gland wherever sperm cell and androgenic hormone are produced
🥀 Functions of Testes
(a) It stimulates the male reproductive system to grow to full size and become functional.
(b) It stimulates the formation of sperms (spermatogenesis) within the humor tubules.
(c) It conjointly determines the male sexual behaviour sex urge, aggressive behaviour.
(d) underneath its impact macromolecule biological